Private Security Agencies are those organizations involved in providing security services including training of security guards.The operation of private security agencies is governed by Private Security Agencies Regulation Act, 2005, in short, called as ‘PSARA.’ No private security agency can commence a business or provide security guard without holding a license.
The demand for private security services has increased steadily among the public to protect themselves against the different types of crime. It led to increasing in private security agencies. Safeguard against antisocial/anti-national elements entering into the business of private security services and the government has regulated the formation and operation of those agencies through an act called Private Security Agencies Regulation Act(PSARA), 2005 as it is a matter of national security.
Security is a matter of a concurrent list of Constitution thus the concerned state government in which security agency is located and providing its services power to regulate their affairs. Thus the state government through controlling authority can formulate rule about the conditions on which license can be given, training specification, the process of verifying of parenting training to the guards and supervisors.
The PSARA specifies that every private security agency requires engaging supervisors to supervise the work of security guards. The agency is required to provide the necessary training and skills to the supervisors. A person from army, navy or air force with at least 3 years of experience, have to be given a preference while the engaging supervisor.
The Act specifies the criteria for the qualification and disqualification for a security guard. The Act specifies about the health condition as well as about the uniform of the persons to be employed as a security guard.
After receiving an application, the controlling Authority makes such inquiries. Once the NOC is issued from the concerned policies authorities controlling authority either grants the license or rejects the license with a reason.
The total period to complete the process takes 60 days. Every private security agency have to commence its activities within six months of getting of license.
An application for a license can be made for a district or five districts or a state.For a different state, the application process is different.The application fees also vary with the license area.
The license is valid for five years and is to be renewed before the expiry of validity period of the license.
It is extremely advisable to avail the services of professionals to carry out the legal documentations, who use their professional expertise would ensure compliance with every aspect of the application and would also assist in getting the necessary tie-ups.